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Stopping State Repression: An Inquiry Into Spells
While research into why repression varies has thrived, essentially no
effort has been made to examine stopping large-scale applications once
underway. We put forward a new theoretical framework that
conceptualizes repressive behavior as a rare/slow-changing process that is unlikely to
terminate unless it is perturbed by a significant cost. As such, we
maintain that repression is more likely ended by democratization than
from diverse factors commonly espoused in the literature and policy
community (e.g., military intervention, naming/shaming, international
law and economic sanctions). Investigating a new database regarding
239 high-level repression spells for the period 1976-2007, we find that
democratization is associated with spell-termination, while there is little
systematic pacifying influence for other factors. Additionally, we find that
non-violent movements for change largely drive democratization but that
these movements have little direct impact on state repression themselves.

Oct 21, 2020 10:00 AM in Pacific Time (US and Canada)

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